ACT architecture group, architect Fariborz Sahba, architecture, Cathedral of Brasilia (Brazil), engineering, Fariborz Sahba, Frank Gehry, Guggenheim Bilbao (Spain), India), J. MAYER H. Architects, J. Mayer. H.’s Metropol Parasol, Lotus Temple, Lotus Temple (Delhi, Musée d’Orsay, Musée d’Orsay (Paris), Oscar Niemeyer, The Bahai House of Worship
“Architecture is a visual art, and the buildings speak for themselves.” – Julia Morgan
Here are a few structures that proudly demonstrate the Art in Architecture.
- Lotus Temple (Delhi, India)
Lotus Temple, Bahāʾī Faith house of worship was Designed by architect Fariborz Sahba and completed in 1986. The Lotus Temple derives its name from its design. The Temple is composed of 27 free-standing marble clad “petals” arranged in clusters of three to form nine sides; the outermost set called the ‘entrance leaves’, the ‘outer leaves’, the then the third set, called the ‘inner leaves’. All of which is surrounded by nine pools. For more info visit: The Bahai House of Worship.
- Musée d’Orsay (Paris)
In the centre of Paris on the Left Bank of the Seine, opposite the Tuileries Gardens, the museum was installed in the former Orsay railway station, built for the Universal Exhibition of 1900. The building was classified a Historical Monument in 1978 and a civil commission was created to oversee the construction and organisation of the museum. The transformation of the station into a museum was accomplished by ACT architecture group, made up of M. Bardon, M. Colboc and M. Philippon. The President of the Republic, François Mitterrand, inaugurated the new museum on December 1st, 1986, and it opened to the public on December 9th. So the building itself could be seen as the first “work of art” in the Musee d’Orsay, which displays collections of art from the period 1848 to 1914. To read more about the architecture, history visit: Musée d’Orsay.
- Guggenheim Bilbao (Spain)
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is the work of American architect Frank Gehry and is a magnificent example of avant-garde architecture of the twentieth century. With 24,000 m2, of which 11,000 are intended to exhibition space, the building is an architectural landmark for its bold and innovative design configuration, forming a seductive backdrop for art exhibits therein. Frank Gehry’s limestone, glass, and titanium building was hailed by architect Philip Johnson as “the greatest building of our time”. For more information about the architect, collections and much more visit: Guggenheim Bilbao.
- J. Mayer. H.’s Metropol Parasol, Sevilla (Spain).
The Metropol Parasol project designed by J. MAYER H. Architects was part of the redevelopment of the Plaza de la Encarnacíon. The project began in 2004 and was completed in April 2011. The design includes offers shade as well as several attractions such as a farmers market, an elevated plaza, and bars and restaurants all within the areas defined by the parasol structure. For more info visit: yatzer
- Cathedral of Brasilia (Brazil)
In a country with such a strong culture there is no wonder why the design is so powerful or why Oscar Niemeyer, the architect was honored with the Pritzker Prize in 1988. The cathedral is a hyperboloid structure constructed from 16 concrete columns, weighing 90 tons each. Engineer Joaquim Cardozo was responsible for the structural design that allowed the construction of the cathedral. Four bronze sculptures stand at the exterior of the church, each 3m high, representing the Evangelists; the sculptures are Alfredo Ceschiatti, with the collaboration of Dante Croce. Inside are sculptures, three angels, suspended by steel cables. To find out more about the ceramic tiles painted in 1977 by Athos, the four major bells donated by Spain, stained glass window composed of sixteen pieces of fiberglass or the altar was donated by Pope Paul VI visit: Catedral.org- history.